In this article…
PROS AND CONS OF ANGULAR
As a framework, Angular will inevitably have some extra bulky features and components that are not needed and cannot be removed. In more recent versions, however, the Angular team has done a good job of improving performance issues. With this in mind, it should not be the first choice if a small single page application is needed. Being a framework, Angular leads to some annoyances, requiring developers to fit their ideas into its default structure. The intricacies of the MVVM architecture that Angular uses can be confusing to developers who do not have much experience coding in it. Angular’s architecture is easier for developers with back-end experience; whereas, those with primarily front-end experience will have a steeper learning curve.
PROS AND CONS OF REACT
On the other hand, React may have a steeper learning curve for developers with more back-end experience. For these developers, understanding the flow of the application may take longer to get acclimated with. Once you introduce Redux or more advanced functionality into React, the complexity and learning curve often increases dramatically. Since React is not a framework, it is not as well structured as Angular. It requires the development team to lay out a well-defined architecture, and a team effort in maintaining the structure and coding standards for the project. The lack of structure is less of an issue for more experienced developers and/or organizations with well-defined project guidelines. In more ambiguous situations, however, the code base can lead to confusion when new developers are brought in and may not be able to get as quick an understanding of the project. Currently, when React provides updates, these changes do not seem to always be communicated effectively, and developers are often unaware of them or may be unsure of how to make the necessary changes in updating the application.
PROS AND CONS OF VUE
Since Vue came after Angular and React, it was able to extract the best parts from its predecessors to provide a better framework that developers would want to use. Vue uses some of the component-based ideas from these other technologies. Specifically, from React, it took the Virtual DOM idea, and from Angular, it took the two-way binding approach. Being a progressive framework, Vue is easy to use and flexible enough to be integrated into wherever it is needed. When it comes to speed and size, Vue beats React in these areas. Vue is extremely flexible, leaving it up to the developer to pick the libraries to use, which leads to faster development time. It also comes with its own official third- party packages for additional flexibility. Vue’s short learning curve allows front-end developers, regardless of experience, to quickly jump in and have a working project without too many lines of code. Vue uses a virtual DOM for rendering views which provides a much better user experience. Along with its Virtual DOM, its use of two-way binding allows perfect communication between the data and the view.
Vue does not have the backing of companies like Google or Facebook, which may be a major turnoff for some organizations when considering adopting Vue as a long-term enterprise solution. Vue only has a small team of dedicated developers maintaining it and a comparatively small user base. Given its heavy use in China, much of the online assistance may come from non-native English speakers, causing language barrier issues. While Vue does come with a few official third-party packages, it does not come fully with what one would expect from an enterprise level framework. Vue also has much fewer plugins than Angular or React, suggesting you cannot solely rely on it to do the full job. While Vue is very adaptable and flexible, it can lead to problems in the code as the project grows.
ANGULAR, REACT OR VUE – THE APPROPRIATE CHOICE
Generally speaking, if you need a large complex enterprise level application, Angular is likely to be preferred; whereas, if you need a modular SPA (Single Page Application) or cross platform application to scale, React may be more appropriate. Smaller projects would benefit from being written in Vue given its speed and flexibility. Conversely, big projects would benefit from using the Angular framework since its structure keeps these projects more organized. Unlike React or Vue, this framework also gives developers many tools without having to look for third party libraries. React would be the better option if teams have more experienced front-end developers, while Angular is the better choice for teams with more back-end experience. If teams contain more inexperienced front-end developers, Vue might be the best choice because of how easy it is to learn. All of these various factors play a significant role in determining which of these three to select in providing the best possible final product.